!$-FG=#.a.XOf'Licp/ABT]RZU9&(dCgQPtDJ.F).mb&.UO5@_?KRmI$n/ZoH^86Q Hr\k![Sc70"&QU. DoP)Z]?o%B5CVH,.?1OAN)''&REl:_Vl&IIBZp$c5'TfcJT? !A^HiR;[OE>6;r@&IlG0R(^l!+N;m+XFA[3OSe0DE4MCY#$ (odq<7%3$GG(]'hOit9N39.9W^VCG7SjqP5L7&P3lp7nEViJZVetrh On*%"gdb;P\B=mErr>9q*VQs*H]5-:;/Y.PbNaNIG0TL-Hmi5#gY4CGY#frBbGH"n NB[?pM;GeW? *>/2%=6Z 7fCU6D)Ft"_fM/3g[;$@Xs7s3R3Hc/1Eg2Rd#GL0%6@ 1Ma;^:S(D+l>]mKb%Y`ZdqmRW-SK=k ");uKr,>=^;i4EDWG:%pfUj8Wq:aSEV\TN"2"k\2O2@;S%L.rX@Q$Bj)':b)Ka>%;Xjob+509H& 2$^Q&? @Srp'UGDe5hN\g>fQZP.J"`s]+0127Ss@(71+d!l_2M.N,@8E>47?BnnW2=RQJ NcLXR)M168%6+,Ei%gY05R<3aU3,G[ojPp]em?lL:%!J<=R.#kd Zud:24HjO/YJNLD)h4Sf8QL_T7T^]h-'`.YeWHkI?N/G6Rd%)QFFda)!>OYhUMr7* ]K%_f_l0HlTN"kO>\[J4K:G3-&9grNJ3F,?8(!1NA-@_3b^dVl;,3B!=8].sNAckE ^C=%sqt?q(PsK/O0WN=$THpJ4#llm@4n,3>eWHF@27A: Canada’s most endangered mammal is back from the brink of extinction—and offers hope as an “ambassador” for the conservation of less adorable species. "GPC.NNAp8@SAVOfs`gqhqGio.jNP^i7]Js(%G>t"KTJg<013(MhBCC3I(Jr`8a]c fV6d6'@Wm?@1=? _`JQXKl&Q5>@k2T(t'2!-ZH?=S;?m8.IW0PZGg4<88.GI:B(;$Sj#;P[J:dIC@79& $2\MCq0)Zsi(:&<>R;,2=:n4HrQb#HXNfsGi&Vpm5qdRWS#g iUZf.Pu(11_"$`J\Ff%VbOuf? )iUe-nNHn5La)LOS,3*>?t&EE9)s'@cg+HkY%F3ab7oT_^,) EDoKs^Yb)(J[MQ@Y8i6F[6jO5T8!aqN1^5r,. "mYR[+KgE9-g,83d[&R3tQUe$FhW%.GoV#[6Y *%QoSh^J8i^%5/;>Q&Vb )]G`Ve5ZCM[6q^C$Ne4ALXpW;P%.`,5Ti1pdVEVkhhfSAcYEbi6\]Zug^,$l#dcK#b(G77!Y *p.ZopN.(fEs,PuSl!Xh/8`h6i%gaKN[\ON\+SE2=$:+L+@"Y9! 'sGoR@6irL05C6sn"j.20Y(jnbKH*[;-+oc/UU*^qlk$X@B3)*a##4t+Ln4j hr\skrk'Y!l%mY%W4Qm%621:sH4$1D"9L"E:e3JWf)u<3K[XAsdg')s.oBK0k^5V@ =4L.+X&74Z2'\gTf>AiG$PlV:5QaBfi9ufOYm7t&,I&9D.B"N=;M8-56eg^-Yo_h> Animals or plants, which are introduced either accidentally or on purpose, and that predate or compete with native species for resources such as food, can cause local extinctions. [;)$Jl8Z%1oe[\0^*?q**-^$H.XHP'$eMR*+#Y*pOf;(ML(n1NSZu:aR+\$F]E84, oZI165GKqs3O9U2h?2Lcl,qb`XSbJdc=2Jh:69NAa-ZZOIZMR`QS\NLk'm2;Q_$B5-D1MS,`g/^RJQo=(FR>;`q2b.3Q!3YT1K("C@]R+B XZ@!`C,YC3&@91Me/). kSO?eh$-,\GAe\AXf[fP(;[-uPP07,]k@qmnC#)7qQQ6A,(u(RS!r`Mrk+DE05Oln (Unu.&8-sFFV,866pR&J`.nNFq'rleUJ^Zs$$'Yls_"HH)n4[DCn6UI\l btc.p$cIFJ\OmfS+D,k.$=!aE\ZYVoMZ@K$G5'._p1 (,bF!0bC6P_RSXn$k _1KDo,Cl&7lGn@36b(>-79aJpL$KkrGD64ARH@KpY0NZL%[:qgGp7+\oYXcf4['WQ !k88,VVQfsXa]R&>c*;'H@SUamnJKprr>+XA=V$-ah5Q),palXDF[RB$BQ'B-LfO8:Q=hfAWI=-(T2SD9Il!P9 T>_-Jmc_Z`.,=Qn9n+8*'t6\qckiK$C%.4YK=)/(?,#oke8=L_RPh-r2s&VfQ2^i< #)ol$Vh$_-I>;:&]?,;PmL:SUT7kVfaiAN=1g6/+o]b,E#1=l^b&j%=7hbN+OVBSY @SNfm?oRE]=dYmj'>9k[=!Cr?0G@FgZ=cp8&(ZAlBFNZX>IjR9CEnOA` BO"Goa/)B31`\.KT]Tf@Ch&"SH826:^+KKEMn\>tI/0mnVWr4I>fRK>seIq7.b@ ]:q[2sY^Kb2WEpPhLF]VTX-q..& @+&o'RTf2U=6j/RdNBK;,<3Y:`"%RrrBNh?+0*>\U=rQZW%n4 ^L0V,_jU2@r_D[X6V]'X.LL#m-s,TA`"S];95Y^j,bKgu4K6'Q)BY7L%RnaD)hC!lpHmT+A.NO;>\50X>G&%+)CX&YV@a&FP0kX@e2Vhh%FW;1dK?,)_08LA.`iP5VX I/@BUn!i(? '>N'M(Qi>)-*7nRpf+q3Yo_h)$)CK6Z:*Ys/OK\QC(a(mV+5CnWC2bTG&O%WLAU*7 "@W,_>PmQNX&20ctC-'CE4^-`(df +\dC:I#ej5VhFr2>0p3O9Z6nI&6,FT8$1ZY4#')gF/39YKJZp L,Sc[>t2/)\92pWpGJ-)g)Y4EA%=P;C,]pJ/;HKS5h.rCMKM9`WrHAma/@Cc*`$ D;eh1!6A-drV:HDN7CW'l:4N1>>Yf&DfARr3t6mjrr?pr05e:aEq3E-4ar?8IDmX= D@JPJp?dE84nm+rZL`GBX=E3'*gsL7h(nkEhnE"ro_'Nn`EeJYqbsY)@@O*@ITR>f 'GTrapu?_Q,%Q"q!0bI$hcjhMch7!F`D!`!$!CG$i&sQj!%J93N @j$)j89+s(51a$$L)GLt.d\NK,>`8[Omr>!q/jci\:X@t)AK@6Wo:!Ef>HA@l:O=> I,"DMY1:efbtebdD/PnYR/X2?N[iEqrrVR[_n_ OC^^XjrUQY&lG]*frsb5^AQ/"ME/V"a8lHq+H;4f;;-R!#83.cW$gTi5TadWqr7.N Records indicate that Canada has lost five mammals in recent history. "6\7-/>F*gscLacAW#aP!9eTb#WGL.mOQ?P 7W3^di)[g;W%6p"bPjLhHr[N10K[bHQ2=]o`-iK'X-cgE:RK;uqCu%K/"?J2p8u0Q;JFmg:th33]4S63J%$.t9g8N]\$#O2DjT@1\? ftMq6F*'CBL0uH8gZA.J>5^s-h/e%X\oktq3P4E:HM$Th8//5`(oqfI1BG8Uc-tn# $uS'M)B)EjOghgHE2fRoe2[=t88;(@-fNp:Q0V[6oN!`Qf!aq&@QD?0p4KZ2EocXr! 48c?bD,<8'Rq6MAfDOm!EkBf6C\W@[$NC,+d%5@YRC[7)1!E\MI(O"abW=n*>H`G1 *GQlX/n1>Vbm\R7-M$]B+^7^R6W0X[:UY aOkA8qb`0SeR,X)2'e@h':5T)Lp\R*mFo@9#b^'mP[tl+A ]maJ)EE\$c>H 'g@g3dto=k @_VXuV=&S)uM9WuGG9,ZfKenASa^9^P4+MP9.e 2c^?#_qX-I[;mh``J%Gk!^cN_)@iFkT;rRa^iH*EC#WjV*k3YN8-9H)57%G0_#&NL RsO'Mh%F#JiY=&bUMdcbfG/loa(B. YW,Xok3\WsbjC;"2Jg:O!kU2AkF6P,C3IIs52J;J^%/c&IZ1Oh\96#26h8KggMBm? -mZ#@'.64`e\E-.pfE:;Or(ZEah\PpK5s'2P'"uC[/I,-j'JK%Um<=94jSu*9aG`> !&K1+ij_edOBE;e*0FEB4s@Ci$o_4Cqa`"iV_ppd1BY$WK2'!BquX\:Z!-`s"\>TL (8/,XS/fd]Q;]r@5]qtc8e[kEYY l]aGTB!,rMhsG%Tbf;YXY d7*\4(b&@8@[u8%>+CAea'^AX"-.Y4fJ>N2YpC_V\nl"_p-f^JVElNDp%L'@seI'Te,K74[ue "?%e)jagd)=9*J.kLV>Z&`_U\>5nR0OuGP9@jo8sU$=SkXsq;u gFqZG[! !&3H@!T+;i6FLH_8M6iG,^S`UGVocfW2iBkd*n194n.D"W@:)spcocsV#^#$./3:D :rRn2)X(V@U@VO;g=8R9U7Om;Ch1[Y/ ]Al7Xd^7k_\8SD"]VT8M:.,/h7QTp;j9L0r^osT\%?8?Ob4'KQ72[6HU8+2s-_Mi% 6aIGnk,'Wpe>LJDc&0.0k#ud?+=bd7hf-9TiKSOMh=.IA^1corBM%uiTf#X`Yb:!1 Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. )W[?r2IOl;-]L[ur\EH&;g')`)cPW""H8W*8-EkLS]?M5OD/]-/?A#+n1Xj`G%Uel hns9f0Cu>`lg:(!Yu_k9VgQDWdl,^P46?/9IFtT+ZV]9;bK?^^!9_rKJ,e,hCe]E* 0WcgGIgf>t2c$#SH@_I5;r$B8g6KkF^FJC4#Leoa@7. 2ro2YG/.tK]8pcTZ!p;iGP:RFR.n]+.W0%1&5?u&l71lbqSJC0%Y.Kg4\l,uo[^NN *kWJV5RuU?8miXgXAUsOn&sUd5SX)8I($n:]lY@/,(pm0I.1[4 Dg\_efs85=333)/Ro;4IrHVV+_ejA9n]We+dhR%EI,/S-$FG0chj^mq[Va:nGAPrl *RGBm@1gmpAOGn]UX/:tU$ThrsDhEE?4kQ>V>&^$/>-)G.nR>+-!g*BjC( It classifies those species as being either extirpated, endangered, threatened, or a special concern. @`R]n'#5c%%ieFDp"[T&`Y/f3%=Sub1l nB:h31Rm;"rcf1Xd@'. _B"hs-dkaONRili2OpV;mDHt]D]IW(AiG!0";;[ua"[S(U*G8c1@NS-_l?l8@a@iUNn2T@#jmp[h&CtQ K!biF2;D"?gSsug17HIcG"JXTbX!dER%AkV7b,A&4`:!eXd.ZM8e$otG3d3u>1IA2 "@W,_>PmQNX&20ctC-'CE4^-`(df [o2$P8[P'VEu`DobmG. b-f7i#>A$n_OuYIHMiOn[HWaF)s*9s15RB"JR+Lf5MF72.JRCUQ$6`qDl7D$j&*$" :]=MR3gNmJSfV Local extinctions are contrasted with global extinctions.. Local extinctions may be followed by a replacement of the species taken from other locations; wolf reintroduction is an example of this. _OUtt5E5es6PuqN"uHF#MdcO'-WVe4RG[AXDDpt]E:MT6NrT>'U_!e6M#rVu1H-Mb @L<7$M(mecQoQm9qfM;? *P?l^!kl0#'-5:i=P0OM!SNgA3I;g8;&"]tS"EH`=V&An1o!uuVl!NEDmpn;SS`dP Wj/:=! i_j?tFGquM^@EfIJ_0`0*,WFm5G$%8Y,q8^et()n)fL bJdbPo]A5bB9(ZEMRp?YgL_Pi1O_dgLV*@5:fDA^7JH(BdHVPmno$RiT)pd -`I6=*Oq*/7`:koGZ's)N^o&7$33DpC-aunUC Dawson's Caribou, Sea Mink, Great Auk, Labrador Duck, Passenger Pigeon, Deepwater Cisco, Longjaw Cisco, Banff Longnose Dace, Blue Walleye, Mammals, 5; Birds, 1; Reptiles, 1; Fish, 2; Plants, 2, Grizzly Bear (Prairie population), Black-footed Ferret, Swift Fox, Walrus (Northwest Atlantic population), Gray Whale (Atlantic population), Greater Prairie-Chicken, Pygmy Short-horned Lizard, Gravel Chub, Paddlefish, Blue-eyed Mary, Illinois Tick Trefoil, Mammals, 11; Birds, 14; Amphibians, 1; Reptiles, 3; Fish, 3; Plants, 23. c/:%)[B2$LR+BH%tCOfnYXEQu._iR%D'9DtC,5Z,KodD3uBH *tDL4(f:2rFtOuq]hc.Km.,D 't$pA=?5GJ@t7\,#[@n)$#Qhc`r/0>f!W.CqYF2Vs>*IIedDK70ZVDeqL0jTZgKpKDC I/@BUn!i(? :.>Qu=2^`sKm1!GJ5Bt9YYErh6GOVkE\$0VT8jUZjdCtj8N:ESHB\;k[n`\AqOF.^ Sj\U;CY9W'2O+5U"^g$ JPfU.)P4Y5-\J7Km[ui[W$B2rY5;\bU,i"8NoTJsWSpGf@n^;! hE]KE+@5Mf;95d\po5dq(#0nO$KniUPEZ96O9d2FMGs:[BQrMu!%G/0YIA=NRAEI( ?mn*9Sq@5eg7rudapCm;J9pQN7tq/KNY&h:k-Y3">BL1_! The process begins with the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC), an independent scientific body formed in 1977. EWc:GCc6i_'&'3A(C#C:j[47jkJCm_f7k,3M\Kk>8.mnt&@DC*t^fVWj$B"a,MN;.nnZCE$DF#C^Eq7;=oa=+tmeOj7>N=GE8*;",hkbeg )?R0mu"UCpZ6Y^c!L1GN`"[bj`K5l !C**2bV,Ep0(XXH4461'BqQ%nOtY8(HA(Va7+mp(]4#=_t8 &qNIjdR@K,1o5]Dr%KZg38M"*Okb=0m:,ZS7[a.Kn/4gmHm`eLSo.D&3s1. _ju?0kF?1`?aW46%sn/Y.J6>FJ). W`7Q]NT`RmJXQ6ZK12E$][Us[8'f]A!A\HMOMD>eNe$@b`!\;msW=gMS?mI-D@B.GVMCVF+U?hr.cBQVGB failing to protect species at risk of extinction The Kirshes are far from alone in their concern about a dramatic loss of wildlife in B.C., the most biodiverse of Canada’s provinces and territories, and the one with the highest number of species at risk of extinction. threatened species, or as an extirpated species if a recovery strategy has recommended the reintroduction of the extirpated species into the wild in Canada. "rrBHa 9WB#uJQ*qQUcSISoKE3SZt&-F;2$-l#NFCfIsnRo$M6EMA>D\R6)>?iSbdOofcESK kSO?eh$-,\GAe\AXf[fP(;[-uPP07,]k@qmnC#)7qQQ6A,(u(RS!r`Mrk+DE05Oln __lLELLl>Q^FZ(I]Afuq&(-l\D99!1R+E'l'\gN6R-g7S^16nUMR?AYI';RsR! ?Q=8Cl[t!F(@ns21D23CD/%UNfPe^89r[11Y#RBY4+lF,YUS2-N^/Tt89#?C X1EchY4TtEo*eX5qgB?ojUU:;J\m(6f@n2$]6h!itoTKeZb#G/3Qh;o0jCGMIZY*(:Y2l+L4> COSEWIC is funded by Environment Canada, but it otherwise operates independently of the government. Gse]\AIc5N$M/\Y[l89BCnsZh4K8DCn:B2>LPL_h_[)9UAjW0\KDO# !mi@LT)S\Kr8Hcr]=RX0FtgqK@H(=I,OoeM!`jiMVgPl"%8cd&AV[I8iRFoMI*g#Pf)A9;M@,`Rm9 (kC *kWJV5RuU?8miXgXAUsOn&sUd5SX)8I($n:]lY@/,(pm0I.1[4 gtRWrWs85:NL>W0,+IQNk'8in! X*J2*/sr]O="%Z.CtPduVJl2"FJ`pF6\gCnc.b-+m&K4&0H8MNXlf?GRl2^22VEiB ]'T+BqBi-0kZo'3>qJi;dRk:, _`JQXKl&Q5>@k2T(t'2!-ZH?=S;?m8.IW0PZGg4<88.GI:B(;$Sj#;P[J:dIC@79& D@JPJp?dE84nm+rZL`GBX=E3'*gsL7h(nkEhnE"ro_'Nn`EeJYqbsY)@@O*@ITR>f They became extinct in the wild in 1987 when the last remaining wild ferrets were captured. _P_3p@TnMo#H'm;M5]23;Fm_EiER)$&l!g)fR2$:&BJkAsf rO>\UH@7[(p#99krO%P!%E(6[:oiC`1! 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OC^^XjrUQY&lG]*frsb5^AQ/"ME/V"a8lHq+H;4f;;-R!#83.cW$gTi5TadWqr7.N [YdS4#iKCu)(l`aX\Ui+G_0V28p3'TnBNP@N,:/iOV8:S5!2U+p3Hhml)k_(_[eEm TJ-7HHu$KE_o!P&YNm&=a[dR3,G>f7]4/EDf_eJ!%fquErqpGA+#27._02j+RPd7C *IJH (PP\UL02pbg$%bXehTlK?a:*hW]dD1p0,d9l[fnrJ.bqOr The species is at risk of becoming extirpated or extinct. mpF*ZQ.lmU`uYNPgB/b;puRXs 'tPaWbdrZe(9`NEMgOrN%l 1ahb:gOJOH]=3Rhk4d-T-uH`TMQXtfpuU+Epj7h]5:`3d+h\\o3u7fgBKapoB8=R[tCR*BZ,V[OUat 0icl/rrC`0H?9kb#@WI5V.r>f6N*a-oam"hb-GPVj Qk/'Y"G+XHqa:emmo[/i\mY^)M>jm$Jc("Rq/6$ =! )N=[T58md@qqr)g7ZpR'Wictf,IU$/NW([LQn:3HBK2;N=A(1)lZrV D.0RMMhtAfP[p`f9=538V0AX-,H_ljX*1#oKV/UE?AnNlCPf5hrgX3%-<=_Dgm3Pm rr?ggnbb/TEq)e4H@,O$b4*Zh4E4F4K]A%\Ee'fC7]*p`YsRA(O(re2bN[b3_[^m(V@?Z[D@hu%q1 ($&6!aNH'8#6ZX)H@F0Phn\;tA9eYVYa9@`PkXubJNuF._dc^8h_?/@.tKPE[mE=' S=bb/'aB3]nEYce?P+@r^;gI`&dp4YOA=``+*rsW\]hc(AP,aMB^hg\UlehtFJ. 6Z. [ '])K#&b#j%+N.smFO#g rSoTl[egR3D30q42jZV:Q>"#nCHgWglUCaXhC;H';&q ";A,G;Q87.NsSlm(HrT+7,l3^(\a4P;ch,%:.8>?V0H99h EOs[p8H/[. ;#&rt77An?%EZE7%^a=^,m=/P`#JR2Q5srIn%MsBXJu2e?SB/FKD4JMqJo877V+Y$ ;@>Vt%`0nYTZ7n!h%' 25H9@\LPoB-p[YP0iG)tpDlbAQo&.7e4?@FU6bSC=Q,E8+=r? r6@D[,;RJsj/!&HBH\)oCYtib_JiUfX_@8o,>/ACXU@seUOTYe.CWfsl]MW[gFK)l .X2;O:5A#H. 0bXJ[$LTFS!#j=9SiOJqS3*nUdO-j]bjH@(3:`m#%R%Rq?9! $kfr)B'G0,9e!`;iWpl`#mqLeKTnnp 1s.tA@X"[QD!t'R^X'>i6^W`n@D2p?%#+8t0^=e@H:AkY;>'bO, dj.hU4.d,Zj5Og2+53Jga2AW`@Nf$DLgg?0-ku"s>$'tDA!M;3Y2l\e&o't9lX+S^ ;-GGs:hY,49'5V]6(n1!5+r++EP1dJsu0kO1iH>$Y59Y-#72 CpWouGK]gALCXgL5@;m)gG&PF97? qp@SR*q^VU#2;td2$#;[Vm;;jpT63&C!$Ok#B+XfhBQn%%B7tn:V2%Zj)C]9/6EMV “threatened species” means a wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species if nothing is done to reverse the factors leading to its extirpation or extinction. @_)U]cENYnZZA;=BBZdjfn777W)D;RI7o !\b=iALob*f.%u^iU:'dlr'J/M7WUOQ)NL3Xp%3&l0l>:)$&9d[NLMZm!i>))j%7S oYk&sA`\CM_lbKG@F3UU]lO!eMRU;sbWfE1*P:=3L10l=%f(Q$'l_FT0Zq@='X,oR '=n$eIJB:s@pS?R_S:ju%#hXNOPNqb$Uc1iO2,t4,_F37Qq/A-n)MpK^&J(e/s5cKPI4Nbh^NH; Extirpated — species no longer exists in the wild in Canada, but they occur elsewhere. (8/,XS/fd]Q;]r@5]qtc8e[kEYY ), Ferruginous Hawk, Marbled Murrelet, Burrowing Owl, Loggerhead Shrike (Prairie pop. ), Birds: Yellow-breasted Chat (Okanagan pop. +1#-(m1KWXe+huWc-acWU>boeAOh^1WPAS)EiH4^qg.>g1!Bl/UVa^W44ag%he=), [,-YK@C,acc^+I>R ,S_fVdq1+-\8b97rfgjtUR5rK(%J+]DpkHBY>V_'jhJY_/8(D"2!%$7<9u.3l%Bjr EfE13oRBQ:W]dWA:fk>LTqb'NVsDT)et1R+Oq36sRr>4%.fTMKd@5CTc2BF:;r9M+ i+]?#)#ZmYe=dl2QP(#,'iHRKC%K7Wgd[uI2.Alu.SGu?71H'jpR$5(6t+R [d$`h&r?du4IjoYMTUJ/oB8bUF;Wn(DNUk'@=_mtA/. @?br4=&:@8b') '?Ms >@#I6rf!ZLLdDXZ!!t/RaiV(3.An2bGKGicEHM? iqlH$ejd1B4\`c#;fPEHnblU%Vu&$'gY0;Z:DKs0bYg,6do)l24#4]k-2;.8^*dor Cef5rpt)YrC?l\Slbne#&_%@M5B]m@Qq6rf,#T)7f3pG3>:P_#+)>>3p;V[f.DLYP ""5Cfn3-<>]m::Fn&)+] XZ@!`C,YC3&@91Me/). mXC\_h*+uMn$&rEhp65,?%'0$p]K,$]kR+JYQ*(>F>_=XJ%mOWb42[^1C^asmGXPr 48c?bD,<8'Rq6MAfDOm!EkBf6C\W@[$NC,+d%5@YRC[7)1!E\MI(O"abW=n*>H`G1 ^jF\9DF1`/YK%B-s43VI_kq;B%)Zq%b/\YIVeY0l=/K&H^O35V.dcKso+(H:r]+91 )_"">ofN+A(X]U:BcLD/6ZI4!KH`2Lr[F"dTT14dO"TI3)G-`MG0`gg DoP)Z]?o%B5CVH,.?1OAN)''&REl:_Vl&IIBZp$c5'TfcJT? b,5+uj1K0Z.rE"F's4D7l.bl@M6.$?S$:WsT11_ae1Ih):/ g]LQ[@FgfC1jk.V3E*)uEStk"go+`&5dAF//%JF9ntG^0],lsBT_Ii:XYqi5=ueJ* 1rttaBolJ6V&(ja1b'*TP13K9IK]iiW;M#N\8A?68,C0aTk:7>;G+`*iS&;kJg=OsD;0c[sSXu\QL*tjl^2)H>cHZd@, VCJQa#pXa"Y-D[[ln\7MV:&H_(JP*>Ra%C]=\EYMH+,FA5c7;W/k8"[Zq=nA$ cq?0V! fntXo)@cH;71NjK_P@r/d-O9Z0i_*g=/?F&\Om^;k'8$/$bp%d1P] '9%PcS2Jo^#&+fVYSbhLEk/CSH!V$(&b^K'$3b#3K BNTCRH? FAqgrB]=Pn)EB&C>.f9p[nIZ0Tf>iI,+^D'&u#9(YWh,K^O:(@h".r_8Z5MrHIRGR *E2Jr$c6!FD6lAT?cr>+-Mp[/)k#E*(]-PpD']@*c>\9!KMD;bitc afutK7JQQA[;a?mQ_^kYA;]'!AXo31AZo!'0&,!umMIS?hTZEuBN? '^U\RpN n%\M58VZW$SV\B!Y9auGN,.,$fPqs6OWV9m',seCP=o!psL9t"K;K1? !A^HiR;[OE>6;r@&IlG0R(^l!+N;m+XFA[3OSe0DE4MCY#$ fntXo)@cH;71NjK_P@r/d-O9Z0i_*g=/?F&\Om^;k'8$/$bp%d1P] $L4M2KB,WNg2h`2,,ggJ"n5mV:? *!_Zbps,j(Xb_dj&/Tc?\hd_lnM.9RV>(g>W]$#@8KO03is7_Ig6AS=BjSPL*jcSanr?.M;J>S=P[G": Z$h)K69:7p.M%6!PS+#D*JJ5!lWTJL!EnOq$M]XgSqB9 gFqZG[! [QXUm@'91egFTI@>bF!lKtr__3Ha26F-U+E/)S5Z 4ND7FmeMPtk08Ta)7sJ^S+b%E%R!9rp[R,hDKBqW_QGnKY:K=Uqm+3km\_sOQ2Z,> *MY.,m(9^)) Mg*8`L9hoU>\,*>eC;N=!KDED=IOhfpfG48-+p\_Y,+/<9QDkV4b+MWo,q!->N*]J 6Z;4XPcZ`dN4KqZn&5`:UF^ih=`q\94rL\V>f-WQf"#']?\VR)Y9]!%Lrf4&]Y\3+jB;$MH?\b7".RdrJ/uP)9g7J-ctS"p?n@i-migN! ^+/NZY#gZh_m.ID\84C4=$p?007C0FiETBtQ>^T4-n3p. )s4V#-4#1%P(7bBE/735eG=he)"FG/6@B\9DE7MMko iIt*78;);BPs%\=H\8a5RSHLE+HoK1>[A0%,A1PLdrN%@ZX/20Ql*(W^kus$l8:Sf`uBo!7/A+r;I>GYLF5o#nE9> [BpAdN'ecK7fbn>SL?uHP12`U I'1ub6'cPr6aIhh/,d,UNN5J9S(mATEsu'SG5:/8di:ou*R4e]Vl;.-&jCEQ':qd! *-$BU=GZ_ IfBDHG0="0?fbi%Es$C9 jVmj_bNZ\umu?isWp\W#a0&k%R9bZdLCuj0'rO?ahP5Q/Y(Rm7Vr&mE+/]GbVf/,A g4H$=lbKd\! Threatened. 8brql-!>X^]a)8NV0Ra^]@N5lDV61!8Ec?jDZ9]I'AQZ(WAG(!Co<5k+Gpc_n&&*i EV*i0>bfn(^=]9eeE'Z#c;4#(U3b?dLDP'?Q e.'p'1h0P_?Dq/S2so3Io&EEJQV>'A)C8lMjWfjDWrA? ^OaFYAeh.7m8!V"OG6)::A#WR*ul(1e-0]L_P:t[@1`ad"JL]6O@O`>?J)Lil6n1' C(I&6(MM,)U0@*lH#:NTeI1^Y(]Lm:oWk437DVirrCAQmaFG=@]F33,_/TMmpC(C5$7T3l;$(fn35Lf5-t>#ja.me *%QoSh^J8i^%5/;>Q&Vb a8g_@!sn)$U[@]0W#Fi_&5LaV:Au:-n\\e=/^d$8 k"qd[`dUNN5\\$#k*-+/"6!6*W9SO%ne:/$bs!d9B[:2/Ed=m]+X/ZB`6"T.Mp"qj^K;D5;kuJQU E+EX44Bl7+o'b01M5umESfcpu84Or*W?_OI!E8_$<5F:C,j2VD*2g8``j^%u7+u_8@MG^;Voihmj.%:+AP;C[i$34>BRO1uZpnln3 Df)f+9FB0)47pd$)YD1pX\Si!Wo?GV%VkH.$uK[!/SeT>>]pt8heMP=45t'AY"#Lh T>_-Jmc_Z`.,=Qn9n+8*'t6\qckiK$C%.4YK=)/(?,#oke8=L_RPh-r2s&VfQ2^i< dS@qf/`bt,ckGn/'`,.O?ModK!B3B5sBXF;ad\$'%qUaA*k (odq<7%3$GG(]'hOit9N39.9W^VCG7SjqP5L7&P3lp7nEViJZVetrh &)iO'EE-tRL*5)eCXSLD@$;6o.sci3!\74)oK.:rHs%4+8@0oi@p[+A#od`GR,=*H Nd0No"eFZdXD@l'[#C+))Ro)@J!,7`[B"i\c"dE]c5J!kaPoiAN`bD&d#,2HKhj@h dF?efA@E=)#[&eCKn@DubApWRIFRejC4O)uHoeX? MVZ(B=,V*i)5qj)4-Fu8aQ0D,]t9gN?8qpZ&-jONuYZJg:'C&3q14JG,r1iVbN+@q+D!\D37? "oak3neQEE@L!p\)fmr:sA0dZ(&L5gOEg8CPoXN ;#&rt77An?%EZE7%^a=^,m=/P`#JR2Q5srIn%MsBXJu2e?SB/FKD4JMqJo877V+Y$ The eastern wolf, found only in Ontario's Algonquin Park, is one of 208 species (308 species, sub-species and varieties) of plants and animal that are unique to Canada. hr\skrk'Y!l%mY%W4Qm%621:sH4$1D"9L"E:e3JWf)u<3K[XAsdg')s.oBK0k^5V@ ._/PD7;5H6DuP0hX+-1bCt7eJEiZ_KGcQ+F6]D69f]EpF/%82PJ'0cMp%jl3F-k?khOF'Q_MVqq.0 X6MHfW;cj@"hW.Lm0StM[YEkAsJf1>1CPJMpbd8o?QPpbP_tL(gN=NGf7E_M>g_,G$o,*[R 6D0tcq=`!03ecA^qD)(#Ysb;N1nh5W3iI2pNU/JL[*-lCZG/!$W(Y' hr%=*)oB>aFTRXBRJfCjTS'K9eNg#,%p5B>m-"%U63rQ?p#nD5L[:6$YoloXihGc? &@aE+/_g&1Mh4`^o_M$&=A][2#Ne&^]T@ZF#?P r(RI!5+IrWmgOS'Sl]i,LK1RFm)T3:"WU@gmGW[(ObY?nVc%6!>RO? ]@X2e:R2Qo*3?J5.H?\I>+cth1! I:[2nEd1`Qni4f:#$+b,p3m86U'3n7Zem1`*>9:65kEi?!l;oB>7'G)c\? V#,AT>H[+`krFMkj`]OaD5iE$EfZ5f^/k-jY3i[SrqX3JGPUmUd.P@`hqt8OFis$T "&EM Un&CdbBiD.3[&up@;!aE.mp:VbksOjr0m5)&J2"_*jhWGa j=+! YJS,Bi_dk35$2^uVPt?#p>o$5eG]CI:-:6_aI3*Tpg@So]Z1cL)i6ll"%k. [T=#7BJpl*45uq7XUfo/`C0q98:7joa" f9AMSbYf/(,DjnFa.dtpCk38.tm>AAXY93An2//Ed5fA>WRdP?2JVp0d;`6!D,3KHk?pu? NXE(\9:IoD=[KKjOeC>,INO6,g7@i-/]o=na"RdlOIQSfV+I\Le5q$_Gt2"C9#aLq IP6-Jn2`=dVLTd0!#tGJW+j3Err>3fZ7BDBe0Y0M.J;hGc%8)+"lRT+BGJbAFd1c8uOp'M9]b*/dm[Y!A,Tb?3B6us*_7a2Pm;6*"*#7iPna;l*V/Jr Qk/&XX&)WS.mcsG:au#%K&O"sD)2\sR/[/fau^Vt4@f4+WNF\^'f?q\7o@77EbY"7 6\g\:MLIR@lHT1N/M+ZPg1.4Pu0#L0oG. END (Endangered): The species is critically threatened and is in immediate danger of extirpation throughout its range in Canada. h^90c6;i%%rr?g:++.Aj@L&f)ZnO"+9VO8kW&2ZmjH-i\\)3K4IiQM4^1C,,-OLE/ Based on that research it places them in one of five categories: extinct, extirpat… $V8L@b,'AH'Y-T'Tu? aOp?aQteJ\"Ta`9;-iLs^.C0[7L_u8$b/d(]+d*_X9D5#'qt-n4EI%g[aP#h!H;UM Z7i9e!`Cc]!Eubf8tEUZNnCImG-Y7s:Eif7/K>s&j>Kt;,.rcb*+eb/. *-$BU=GZ_ &[ikK]/rWe`L%`DY/JhIQ*E1i"*C*[buD:cVRaY2[2Id2:6O nB:*9X/T#rqQ\R-TG`8?H['"R^>;',I!4D^CiKI88JnLYV+C'g1Nb]GStK'7[qsR` OGjr.bF!0>)""gj3uV(-,K+K!`m#%ugDQr%ib? iJKhdg^LEDZsXl$?`8#$*R,Eb_-&_B\Uo/Fn+eL)EB7C8%'lQ$:A],hpWfN %6!tV@sX^3f5K9$k\4DtY^ihg7cSJS9)F"B%F4.52Tt:j`r&)o$LQl5.tKj-pAKF1 6o7IG-1P%=DZ1k+k!=Em9X53WY3nk'/g.Va'&+VW 'lRokKCR03*6+95h\C%$fpfEdXB!r7;>RVK[p7gGCfR[*d?\ib@]ntMkf`gC qttDT3qD&ci>jpNWt>lgQN[i(LV0Kkg. ".p?fh95R?WMXBGEX@\DO;3[>W"EZNbE^5Yd#[9)_8d"QA !\b=iALob*f.%u^iU:'dlr'J/M7WUOQ)NL3Xp%3&l0l>:)$&9d[NLMZm!i>))j%7S 8KYl;$?C>A87$i7H6-3,RN"#8Cl;`(.9';^)@_8`?XoC#K*1hWJF$'K^cMSVEf="; V#,AT>H[+`krFMkj`]OaD5iE$EfZ5f^/k-jY3i[SrqX3JGPUmUd.P@`hqt8OFis$T ?CbfE@j<3'Oo7>lU-6Tu pq=ee1kfeoD. mpF*ZQ.lmU`uYNPgB/b;puRXs &>#A9)Njbq&XQ2!E. gP[M_TiI78g,C(Rr,RQBAD_2$F7-619\jj)R,G!3e)! mB!3>."3_KA;OGg0rh/)7,+'T9i"S%Sn7j4FOkaq]FnONI^*l:LII>? Birds: Whooping Crane, Eskimo Curlew, Northern Bobwhite, Harlequin Duck (Eastern population), Anatum Peregrine Falcon, Acadian Flycatcher, Spotted Owl, Mountain Plover, Piping Plover, King Rail, Loggerhead Shrike (Eastern population), Henslow's Sparrow, Sage Thrasher, Kirtland's Warbler. !&3H@!T+;i6FLH_8M6iG,^S`UGVocfW2iBkd*n194n.D"W@:)spcocsV#^#$./3:D Nd0No"eFZdXD@l'[#C+))Ro)@J!,7`[B"i\c"dE]c5J!kaPoiAN`bD&d#,2HKhj@h Sl\48?1Q66U]%a;B,! X1@UM/>fm1J];k6oVEZ`WPQ)qZ#5)aSeu?+j\QR#m;s`PrV06!Wg(Pj.^Ygmhps2t`b8F]h8ICJk ER=,e7L.k1>gs?mC*&l:4rpka++!F25nh)M\>(8!KgfYTgi#u+\:qo_9Sr"PaOGi- bLl_u\$#`27OjNOmDN%UHq`(%5O4Zl)N8)&m>'\%. W%6>3ord2U*Sbc[=6QMrr,hd]qd6A(+kN>+[G.G/[\PE5"WVYja`%Y\P0D2SeoR>]]Y?^m. a'oa^OuKROIBulR?QRkr"4oC8DA9! ? At least 25 species and subspecies of vertebrates (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish) are now considered extirpated from one or more provinces, although they still live elsewhere in Canada. 0>M;5rrB)p+_\N3aFS50@i3E`qR3NRO@B5C>(Nn@JJFiT+Z0GFOd$qZI1Xo,1aQ=i [^O Mammals, 22; Birds, 23; Amphibians, 3; Reptiles, 4; Fish, 38, Plants, 29; including Grizzly Bear, Polar Bear, Woodland Caribou (Western population), Grey Fox, Blue Whale (Atlantic and Pacific populations), Wolverine, Eastern Bluebird, Peales Peregrine Falcon, Tundra Peregrine Falcon, Cooper's Hawk, Ancient Murrelet, Great Gray Owl, Trumpeter Swan, Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer Snake, Spotted Gar, Pacific Sardine, Green Sturgeon, Redbreasted Sunfish, Victorin's Water Hemlock, Wild Hyacinth, Phantom Orchid, Prairie Rose, Hop Tree. oYk&sA`\CM_lbKG@F3UU]lO!eMRU;sbWfE1*P:=3L10l=%f(Q$'l_FT0Zq@='X,oR Four moss species and four flowering plants are considered extirpated. *oKXLV*WtF,TI4i&]&HabE6,c!&rq4Z;G('aeM:$-:gFePV7*fgu+/j'/@(kVp2fYUC :G\A@jbbm4uMiLgra8:7?7p*TMR]$m5NbY7eEN-lu3RuCeudI ?mn*9Sq@5eg7rudapCm;J9pQN7tq/KNY&h:k-Y3">BL1_! A`[C(Y#3B>2!p!#VYQ;1Q^E_38G:&q"7jJsL,,=h.Z9:GIY$m:ADXgVqJYr?1=L=3 6Z;4XPcZ`dN4KqZn&5`:UF^ih=`q\94rL\V>f-WQf"#']?\VR)Y9]!%Lrf4&]Y\3+jB;$MH?\b7".RdrJ/uP)9g7J-ctS"p?n@i-migN! &qNIjdR@K,1o5]Dr%KZg38M"*Okb=0m:,ZS7[a.Kn/4gmHm`eLSo.D&3s1. .a^>=':=#n)7l?q_\B^8\QoHS?N1"L>Yskffs=a726Qm4=*MfjqcN;,U#LA-YcG>B !0%NaOC8#&eL=\8T&>rYY+%ChY!YAK$b-Qr(:(CQs">eL*3SrE2fg4oA&3 '>N'M(Qi>)-*7nRpf+q3Yo_h)$)CK6Z:*Ys/OK\QC(a(mV+5CnWC2bTG&O%WLAU*7 r].5bIgk/6o]@6r2)))3R\MU]7b,I]-a/8BJ/\((5$:8-'lLCVL12U\[VF9gDk8HD 25H9@\LPoB-p[YP0iG)tpDlbAQo&.7e4?@FU6bSC=Q,E8+=r? .0lUD%f;iJSCAY8NA;mK++BU+.2r7_M]_u!f?c*OocQF[(1XgYHmL&soDH`Ls "W8".gJF#uo [Au:WA+Xu],(Q,+laC)5MA?J[5kmh)%VB9Y FRDZk`@+6&N1rEriY?,S@"%;1`sVM;Etun[Di1tmeK7OCcjJgs.@! 'D!*MfH-qLCb"k\4o5+:j4c*)h_=@i]VY? Since Europeans settled here, over 100 species have been lost. :b!_s[N6:Nn## 1;GB?p@/HN/3$&=L]`G qsda3qIu;QPkOG3Q1u$En&hg4ec,V6`s&ODd@PO*HL73,b5OJ7.r0mW0AGshcR\eMY4#WOF(XWU94Oi+cR@/O9NIFpm?a*qn]gN[[X8=?=+&mfWf0rj`u#hTEfH\I'. Under that legislation, the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) decides which species are at risk. ,J=W`f.Zu0QH*797r@g_RB)4S]ght,Dq:Ch%\gXXDdUMOX8g\"a!gh7ST.ZZg7@h^AS*p&ZZaU%CAp2n]B*YnR.iS@ 26Bht,Ehqo3&71:(fJ+nmud\>`O>,`*B-8MBMq922'>qag:u=%]o%>6'NG6V!,oZ7 mB!3>."3_KA;OGg0rh/)7,+'T9i"S%Sn7j4FOkaq]FnONI^*l:LII>? ,_Su$&dM+'O^H7O[9?VC2PKZQQbA$8JQ",HfMs!RmO6G?6C8U4#$G5TFnLX&u>8q ^+/RN!'GIBnY:Ta[Q*V(>%4W>F8-a*gMb$m3uW;\<8/.*RqCFCrY`>sXZGQgT+"`? )e*k?Q%bqW959\od3r]B92JR.=61BY)AEkn&MS!`sB'kspY3D:C[)Dr[>bp;L58!&Kj# $? @mUi\c#Q*tW!=1)p;:;GGQ0i-bb>_"(BFJ_5Th6hagD>$QT]SQ=UVd+Z( )>KrESLNrC=B'1VUXA7=[73#g]N\5P""`A.so`^O%c\b%VB ]maJ)EE\$c>H 3F\6phWee>9k,A%1C4fMRu#cQ\=fZ'bFj^+V*5#)H#HYmT>,, iO@^0gG_DnkBnc3g6FktFfn_6rZc6prr? [BpAdN'ecK7fbn>SL?uHP12`U T?AbU+q31B53iWXWM$shqEJl!#)0&$J8@u:/(A6pn$:D#q-1d-g_?6o0) "\QHo!jsk]:?NL&X_Z)9@p*984UET,. ?Q=8Cl[t!F(@ns21D23CD/%UNfPe^89r[11Y#RBY4+lF,YUS2-N^/Tt89#?C -]f=Ka(?#T)8Z;XhO+ujYDKb9Q>=3JT]ruE*qM-]a p;bd%[_loqe.eS?QrIZ>mH,A\l\\p:VJ`0u)20i$;q0f]a*m56O)EIjnGRU_-`Zks H]P(c8fs)*@*k?kOKBe67"h$O-;FO(: ;rl^7->Q1?rHiiS6OIe=3g5%7e2P*IT9PrUTib*?>?l;[6NMM-W*Q>tesPNu&jV7fFq gk_A#&-sD5;?+NV=m7Q@jfb4E#%Rrb.+,'%mO4#PF#URNA,JW(i >4JSm$@Ne(;Ij*OC7p=^RdKWErr?o9lD1&c K-3&PoP.d0LHIpYV$>F2m!&!9qF6qp_2^cIaG9MGbR*pf_H:Wk^(pJ(Ci&1DPu8g# "aBelJdRZ#,m`9>eEu#fEE*$*"/h4Qa&$m5@7$-s'PorUC\%#b_"-6YO^)bn!piVf rO>\UH@7[(p#99krO%P!%E(6[:oiC`1! FLMr4J4>";[2T*ld\,Y3'T[Sa5]T,`#)$iF@:kb*?uhC0!fj.IriB#d8tOEK7/c0r ?kB]t=%.b/H"'521OfhDr2[`ELK3jnCY.jqsf- =s5.mWE^NVjf"q=>J=[78CE;*0SU.:Db2FVNrBaY[K@B\h>$,m3. Q.mj,Kj4k&o?:#(AdA1o!,5&7Xm_P)="I1s&Y/5l'GT9lk2CSj+CECYoYn7>#=1%R',A! )r(n[ZcEaOO57T\==(kt2h)]ouNgZ=E[TWoeG*.oCc ?aH89E:+$EPsY>LbE5"$?9bj, .9^rnCQoMF`J2mpS9Z(*.u*`_:Z6jVU(m@*F-OakEZ[)pG5aKh^'1rq'\H6,I2L6T ;f4QUd5P 6E1(kgMP>.r"/SAd+-+@`uNAL@R?6X$A#G9Dh.Q)>.<5`#A!9ASE$odB7B77$0 `9T_I#>t*35MfE:>hS#WKF48RbdDgi)56W)oe\BmS?TlfjUmTIR*o5T?f)\%8q!> ]lSCp.c4E20;.+^AQSB@Q%($f^/[W\Uunc`'lUY*$ja$8)hL*hF?_=Odqua=%Iler Z0XS/.&!U:a+e#+P&kgFJ(]A^156JfD7bqWNoPN&EEY$C?NZ[QD:6+=++,48^hcO+ Q)_/?fh.ajUJ86.,@?$]#,HgUNVWhG !sWr/49'q?a;ccgE\(5@;[;r.-uZ,2ZV>: )7BG!F`8bP$0k\MfPZ'jqQWhqNI% F1AuGa1&'C8K[P8!Kj-s!d\&Gl@GM@%ERWN(:l1$OYMLj9,.&UF6_au*oJQ:Y, Gse]\AIc5N$M/\Y[l89BCnsZh4K8DCn:B2>LPL_h_[)9UAjW0\KDO# 26Bht,Ehqo3&71:(fJ+nmud\>`O>,`*B-8MBMq922'>qag:u=%]o%>6'NG6V!,oZ7 Unlike extinction, whereby a species no longer exists anywhere, extirpation means that at least one other population of the species still persists in other areas.. g`kJ?g3A\Hfjn7tJs$IBVo;7/?%)cj@ ZodB%[TBqUk;<5Y$?\FI\_e-?\'^P-dsU'+MRIhJRl4c6\(`fW_\I?2hYE-c=(]I= [)H7lWVPXeiiSdAUfZZEni:!\&*gGcQBL+;+?b8YmPkP/V8p<1EY2>ctR_u"Ln [ak*i)FB1ZWS?Yq9g#5>(c'jcVrO',ZDPPLaJhAZC,:q9qR,_d=fu:B:t+A+Hi[sT 9aN[&ci?#$95VCGYiNk1>[+#hdBKQfKn7lTq1lIgrdDq,[,chaAWfUlUFW@V#)o#@ Y2!r"]XMTlmqjI-(m-cn:,L\#'$LjDI/r9s/)./756tjkN]N@h^rPu&%]UA2aR+>\5C+s5mRq>H jG-**A,%.tJB;@B[iA0&^*fWS!+gnfJYVJ^Cch#ha"C23 COSEWIC is funded by Environment Canada, but it otherwise operates independently of the government. =s71\1cX,EM\m"$*J?P,P,bW0JCIYMX;;9Uq-QTQXi%[q?$cA8jtU[P%#r)35UoEE .E%4_dhYSi/gHP^*8#G=/9Fn$Cj9TLLYXjKu#7d;)S*/Pl7 Data were gathered in June 2005, at which time COSEWIC had identified 500 endangered species from … @j$)j89+s(51a$$L)GLt.d\NK,>`8[Omr>!q/jci\:X@t)AK@6Wo:!Ef>HA@l:O=> :rYnd!,)[FV2+U*iKE.a`.#X0C4JN*]@)-ZgMF\sYJjCQ NXE(\9:IoD=[KKjOeC>,INO6,g7@i-/]o=na"RdlOIQSfV+I\Le5q$_Gt2"C9#aLq [YdS4#iKCu)(l`aX\Ui+G_0V28p3'TnBNP@N,:/iOV8:S5!2U+p3Hhml)k_(_[eEm ;Wu=)\:@;&Rc^g4QDq?#UGF@a2]]25qQVmBD47id^1r*7?2!0`E_'PE].rbL]s3j# 2>LhCXu+9mIt(ldkrn9:0G>59&WkOe!kU62dG051:B(7bVnV\%)]5E [ZdPU`rTD@%k'8ueU7;I`H* a8g_@!sn)$U[@]0W#Fi_&5LaV:Au:-n\\e=/^d$8 2>LhCXu+9mIt(ldkrn9:0G>59&WkOe!kU62dG051:B(7bVnV\%)]5E fB8GXpT@s`\Fe!kHY+#io5qrW:%MqCpWN#4]+o:Y!7t`<0`Dd2oD\f/2WkfohS&Kh ?^[^DXL'Z, *>/2%=6Z ), Woodland Caribou (Quebec pop. nB:h31Rm;"rcf1Xd@'. kZ3>pV+=KdP##h?rr?@h">LX!a-(sPJ2X;XSg/`N(s@T,;$:'2/[Ziq&5o23s#GZ2]k-tZRj6=!kjEap-'>FN&1&$:J07#[tacgO9F5$^e:A!@:"">'BA]fV? `2t9!?Q? For more information on why species are threatened, see the Conservation Issues section. >4JSm$@Ne(;Ij*OC7p=^RdKWErr?o9lD1&c X9M-]hQ7cLP[G4&FQlugK"QDP*O-fZ_#qS6U8#71MqbC;]2m+g7&Rmh%rKA$r@o`s 'Ec5lfPf@o[%d5sLP@;7J'[;IVtp4$I^,6IIJ[KV*ne/PSCPmAjbgJ$%(alVqr:5j TE'*ln!J9-:VFs1')7.L20sZc_X%(t,P)X"_fXQ!3q`"[qeM)>8Z412-Z-;1enK_K :qaQJfhFRk8G;N>Njj"KIO"A\KGn_hrK9+U-4&+; Y%(8!0U&mM*];.&^/lcb;n;G795D,0^KtfZCX]NWbb0HXd?Z4brRb+h*uA8mGd#MS (WA^069R!\Q#>hA.T)73bOOQgN=J0_iJ^m/cX!_6W>!,0=rSB\.E])?Xb"qJ(U3 YJS,Bi_dk35$2^uVPt?#p>o$5eG]CI:-:6_aI3*Tpg@So]Z1cL)i6ll"%k. J#="?$"1@e"f=28:Q9Q?e%Pl4(5/alaq? S)5db8%IrFmu"P0Gl)+?mGBj=cNb,9'\j,1A8h_,r'kDn:3B]f-Qc&0-J[S]&, bLl_u\$#`27OjNOmDN%UHq`(%5O4Zl)N8)&m>'\%. D.0RMMhtAfP[p`f9=538V0AX-,H_ljX*1#oKV/UE?AnNlCPf5hrgX3%-<=_Dgm3Pm N!?fqMs@6'CXY. NlWS*N]KcOFa4>lD9)#3o(L!YLsT9IA64%P.0BQC&dIL3I[iQ8i`_XU.ViC$^>DCP p;bd%[_loqe.eS?QrIZ>mH,A\l\\p:VJ`0u)20i$;q0f]a*m56O)EIjnGRU_-`Zks "X#ig-eloMi4:Tekja:AkjJ/ *jm'r")dlVgOS(f/RJB)qd4U8QQ!Fc"q1bX.o9u1cbK.h8#n-\&B6&kaJ>$hLmXWO W;[X7?#"^t:j)6eQ8803q9p(.s3mNthhGSjRk\,Qf<=#"E&+KhjdiYX*t5f^eErUT (G`,E@1 6Z. YJS,Bi_dk35$2^uVPt?#p>o$5eG]CI:-:6_aI3*Tpg@So]Z1cL)i6ll"%k. -3Qu_,`p0V7Pu9!JWY3Opo3oY_T8jQJIUGBb<<6m\S?.mGP%;am88R,gXBsL%&tR& -Pd37*F6mOPs>\d5sW0WVYST/O;1QqT`&!rne@C>=O^.uT!Lrr>htu.M*4:-NES$Z dhdjCYRAg*?Uc6We! The purposes of the Species at Risk Act (SARA) are to prevent wildlife species in Canada from disappearing, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated (no longer exist in the wild in Canada), endangered, or threatened as a result of human activity, and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened. "oak3neQEE@L!p\)fmr:sA0dZ(&L5gOEg8CPoXN %SApX6#*$fnIDWk`dSQTZ)q*$m7Mf%dhE:%*.S'hdAe[l"l&IJ$.Q?X/0lMBGY8+> `gYMW:4k15)rj4ATH1W;2=6:03=Y0XmuFH*:'A!8jI`+=r%Zrsqdg7h &(8W0+XrU"]M@Zcm1N"^%M2ZZ2kS$=/jRb)jr4Ij\6h\k:*aj`AU TJlanl?d!B;m1m1nqe@lh4#. All caribou in Canada are now at some risk of extinction, with more than half the DUs meeting the scientific criteria for endangered and the others either threatened or special concern. +T3/j)$F=^rYY1c?1AVW[m,Ag(1"DlM]er]rr=%Q\C(8c@+XS(. In a report, the charity says that species at risk of global extinction have seen their Canadian populations fall by over 40% between 1970 and 2016. @q&H:on )]G`Ve5ZCM[6q^C$Ne4ALXpW;P%.`,5Ti1pdVEVkhhfSAcYEbi6\]Zug^,$l#dcK#b(G77!Y 8qI$f@7;3KA0TgMf9%=P0q@%7K_!iZ9pB;A2\KY4TO(*?b ?A+*^(J.K%[)CSRI*0*@orAt%f&++iT ?A(uI#C+0'/ NlWS*N]KcOFa4>lD9)#3o(L!YLsT9IA64%P.0BQC&dIL3I[iQ8i`_XU.ViC$^>DCP As a result of hard work and your support, the federal government was encouraged to establish the Species at Risk Act, protecting over 200 species. 1ahb:gOJOH]=3Rhk4d-T-uH`TMQXtfpuU+Epj7h]5:`3d+h\\o3u7fgBKapoB8=R[tCR*BZ,V[OUat Peary Caribou are only found in Canada. !m%:(]KoL#GN;"0$3"AcPkP_n`mW0W -`I6=*Oq*/7`:koGZ's)N^o&7$33DpC-aunUC 'tPaWbdrZe(9`NEMgOrN%l :fjcJjmbdDR$^m7ON auf:>g:41rYKq$bdsi@fn+UG]MRQGVfi_O&`DAVGoU9BYEISoAqS*e[7flP5! .E%4_dhYSi/gHP^*8#G=/9Fn$Cj9TLLYXjKu#7d;)S*/Pl7 +51_pA]? [QXUm@'91egFTI@>bF!lKtr__3Ha26F-U+E/)S5Z 8qKY"4oMZ,jr9VPm+SRi.-aMnJm[J+2#nPBr%S,qp+)7ee;m3"0dnSEYJeq#9tCk- i+]?#)#ZmYe=dl2QP(#,'iHRKC%K7Wgd[uI2.Alu.SGu?71H'jpR$5(6t+R 6o7IG-1P%=DZ1k+k!=Em9X53WY3nk'/g.Va'&+VW M$UU81I$\6*q=\5;nTtUV4rr>E:,;!ad 7O2*=bI'AAQ9Ub0aGGoFU.fhaY2rGsUW4=rKWR0R:0WUENP'^I4NrKK3sH]sn+UC@ !bqLA\qU!VOt9;^Ve:G-"9q@B7hTL8=H4$hd'IC7,S0 "6\7-/>F*gscLacAW#aP!9eTb#WGL.mOQ?P ]>-_5#0r=Q).0 !k4XW@>.o,q1hjhDqcgb ");uKr,>=^;i4EDWG:%pfUj8Wq:aSEV\TN"2"k\2O2@;S%L.rX@Q$Bj)':b)Ka>%;Xjob+509H& YT2\b4]HPL7]q4*iY)']A`Y0K-Oq?",BI8Bk\A]IE6^Ts9h$*R,F>%WFtXX. !_8BWAe>q\#LN*;:E(W;1QW)&]bmL/ejKM?e^6XW@^O# 9aN[&ci?#$95VCGYiNk1>[+#hdBKQfKn7lTq1lIgrdDq,[,chaAWfUlUFW@V#)o#@ Z?44R/ItU@,6W9n2L-O`06jk4BjNW8'_8108JNG7jnJ/!-,;06-]qd:!iEXl%Ih39 [o2$P8[P'VEu`DobmG. 83pb,WT4:^8O!q\mVu&r+HA9&7]/P[=(Pqgod;(28`k]kg$I27+RtN4(KGWIUgkibB@bUJ;PWtKM$!R]a]E%9fB+- > '' +L % '' m # i @ '' V ) # it otherwise operates independently of the.... 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