Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. [10][11] More than 15,000 people in eight villages were reportedly isolated from relief crews by severe flooding. Saurashtra and Kutch experienced active monsoon conditions under the influence of this system. The Deep Depression gradually weakened before becoming a low pressure area early the next day. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. Cyclone Aila exposes Left. Aila recently became the first cyclone of the 2009 cyclone season in the North Indian Ocean just before making landfall in far eastern India in the northern Bay of Bengal. [5] Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA) as they anticipated the system to develop into a tropical storm. Moving slowing in a northerly direction, the system weakened into a well marked low pressure area at 0000 UTC on 26 June over Kutch and its neighbouring regions. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center releases unofficial advisories. Kethi recorded 1171 mm of rainfall in 72 hours, making Phyan the 5th wettest cyclone in India [29], On December 10, RSMC New Delhi announced that Depression BOB 05 had formed, about 400 km east-southeast of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. On 25 th of May 2009, a devastating cyclone named Aila struck the coastal areas of West Bengal, an eastern state of India. • Hasan, M., (july, 2010). A relatively strong tropical cyclone, it caused extensive damage in India and Bangladesh. “The Met department on 24 May’2009 could not give us the right forecast about Cyclone Aila that lashed north and south Bengal on 25 May’2009. KOLKATA: Three people were killed here on Monday as cyclone Aila crossed the coast into West Bengal. Throughout the country, at least 150,000 people were left homeless. A Local Cautionary Signal Number Three was issued for the Gopalpur, Puri, Paradeep and Chandabali ports. Sirkali in Tamil Nadu recorded 140 mm of rainfall on 15 December. The scope of this article is limited to the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula. Cyclone Aila has been described as a benchmark of Bangladesh's success in implementation of effective disaster management system. [20] During the next day it developed further with the IMD reporting that the low pressure area had become well marked with deep convection starting to consolidate around a developing low level circulation center in an area of moderate vertical wind shear. State Government in co-operation with the central counterparts took up the rescue and the rehabilitation program. The outbreak is described by time, place and person. [36] Several naval relief teams were deployed to the Sunderbans region where an estimated 400,000 people were marooned by flooding. | Cyclone Aila causes havoc in Bengal. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean — the Arabian Sea to the west of the Indian subcontinent, abbreviated ARB by the India Meteorological Department (IMD); and the Bay of Bengal to the east, abbreviated BOB by the IMD. [1], On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. rediff.com. RSMC New Delhi then reported later that morning that Depression ARB 01 had formed and was expected to intensify into a Deep Depression before making landfall, however the depression did not intensify any further before making landfall on the south Gujarat coast near Diu. Shiv Sahay Singh Satyasundar Barik KOLKATA/BHUBANESWAR , May 20, 2020 20:09 IST Updated: May 20, 2020 23:30 IST ... (2019) and Aila (2009). One person drowned in Digha after being swept away by high waters. [31] The government later allocated Tk. Weak banding features also formed around the periphery of the storm. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which … Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. Later that morning RSMC New Delhi designated the disturbance as Depression BOB 02. 1. Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. All transit systems in the city of Kolkata were halted and daily life was at a standstill due to the storm. [1] During May 22, 2009, the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone a Cyclonic storm and had been named as Aila whilst located about 350 kilometres (220 mi) to the southeast of Sagar Island. [1][2] The disturbance at this time had a broad and poorly organized area of deep convection, which was located to the southeast of the low level circulation center which had consolidated into a single circulation during the previous 12 hours. "The cyclone, now lying stationery 50 km west of Kolkata, hit West Bengal coast at 1:30 pm near Sagar Island. [14], As a tropical disturbance, Phyan caused heavy rainfall in Tamil Nadu. The Depression then intensified further and became a Deep Depression that afternoon before making landfall crossed north Orissa-West Bengal coast between Balasore and Digha during 1600 and 1700 UTC later that day. [6] Early the next morning the JTWC reported that the depression had intensified into a tropical storm and designated it as Cyclone 01B. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. Army was deployed to the affected areas. Cyclone Amphan, which has killed 77 people and left thousands homeless in West Bengal, is now considered even more destructive than Cyclone Aila which slammed southern Bangladesh and eastern India in 2009, the UN has said. Around 43 people lost their lives in the state of Orissa. Multispectral imagery showed that the disturbance had a developing low level circulation center with convection flaring over it and was in an area of low vertical wind shear. [8] Around 1500 UTC, the RSMC New Delhi upgraded the system to a cyclonic storm and gave it the name Bijli. Following further development, the Joint Typhoon Warnin… [32] Cyclonic Storm Ward dissipated completely on December 16. Rainfall amounts peaked at 213.4 mm (8.40 in) and winds reached 60 km/h (37 mph). In Bangladesh, an estimated 20 million people were at risk of post-disaster diseases due to Aila. Cyclone AILA which hit coastal West Bengal on 25 May, 2009 is described as one of the worst storms to hit Kolkata in 20 years. Additionally the forest remains under an estimated 2.4 m (7.9 ft) of water. Severe cyclone ‘Aila’ hit the coastal parts of West Bengal, particularly in South 24-Parganas and North 24-Parganasat around 14.00 hours on 25th May 2009, with wind speed ranging between 120 to 130 kmph and it continued its devastating journey northwards affecting the districts of North 24-Pargnas, Purba Medinipur, Kolkata, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, Birbhum, Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur and … [16] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. Throughout the state, an estimated 40,000 homes were destroyed and 132,000 others were damaged. Early on June 25 at 0900 UTC, the remnants of Depression ARB 01 emerged into the Arabian Sea, and intensified into Depression ARB 02. The storm moved northward, weakened, and maintained its intensity as a well marked low pressure area over Kutch and neighbouring areas at 0000 UTC on 26 June 2009. This study was performed to identify the agent and source of the outbreak as well as to propose control measures. Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila (JTWC designation: 02B) was the second named tropical cyclone of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. Only ten cyclones have developed over the Bay of Bengal during 1891-2008.[14]. West Bengal Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee slammed the IMD for its failure to inform the state government about the direction of Cyclone Aila9. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The aftermath of devastating cyclone Aila that ravaged large parts of the West Bengal delta May 25 could cause lasting ecological damage to the Sundarbans, the world`s largest mangrove forest, experts fear. Cyclone Aila … Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low. The JTWC then cancelled their Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, with the IMD issuing their final advisory later that day. Cyclone Aila, West Bengal, India (May 2009) Within two hours of Cyclone Aila hitting the Sunderbans, Art of Living volunteers from West Bengal reached the affected areas. Introduction On 24 th May, 2009 a cyclonic storm named as Aila occurred in the southern part of west Bengal, the effect of which was reverberated in the Darjeeling Hills from 25 th to 27 th May, [21][22] Early on September 5, as the area of low pressure was moving into an area of low vertical windshear the JTWC issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert, whilst the IMD reported that the low pressure area had intensified into a Depression. Keywords: Destructive landslides, cyclone Aila, reckless construction, community outlets, frequent digging, physical changes in slope character. It was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidr in November 2007. [2] Later that day, an area of low pressure developed underneath the convection as the system developed. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. Like its parent system, it was mostly monitored through synoptic and satellite analysis. As a result, it did not have any significant impact on rainfall, except over Saurashtra & Kutch. 68.50E about 50 km west-northwest of Dwarka and 300 km south-southeast of Karachi at 0900 UTC on 25 June. [30] The next day it strengthened to become Cyclonic Storm Ward. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening. Two MI-17 helicopters were also sent to air-drop food supplies to the worst affected areas in West Bengal. [33], The Sunderbans, a region which houses 265 of the endangered Bengal tigers, was inundated with 6.1 m (20 ft) of water. The North Indian Ocean cyclone season has no official bounds, but cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. The last time the city was majorly affected by a cyclone was when it was hit by the “the tail” of Aila in 2009. [14], Cyclonic Storm Phyan developed as a tropical disturbance to the southwest of Colombo in Sri Lanka late on November 4, 2009. Several rivers broke through embankments, causing widespread inland flooding. However, later on June 26, Depression ARB 02 dissipated completely. [19], The outer bands of the storm also produced torrential rains and high winds in eastern portions of Orissa state, with the heaviest rainfall being recorded at Paradip at 260 mm (10 in) and winds peaked at 90 km/h (56 mph). [26][27] However the IMD kept issuing advisories on the deep depression until early on September 7, when the IMD reported that it had weakened into a depression and then into a well marked low pressure area later that day when they stopped issuing advisories on the depression whilst it was located over Jharkhand and adjoining region of Chhattisgarh. [21], The remnants of Aila produced gusty winds and heavy rains in the eastern Indian state of Meghalaya between May 25 and 26. A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. Climatologically, the formation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal at this time of the year is rare. [3] Aila became a severe cyclonic storm at 06UTC on May 25 and made landfall at its peak intensity (60kt, 967hPa) between 08 and 09UTC. Singlabazar recorded 320 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 26 and 27 May.[14]. Warned by both the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RMSC) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Aila formed over a disturbance over the Bay of Bengal on May 23, 2009 and started to intensify and organize reaching sustained wind speeds of 110 kmh (70 mph). Chandwad in Maharashtra recorded 240 mm of rainfall in 48 hours between 11 and 12 November. A visit to Cyclone Aila affected regions of West Bengal was carried out by a three member team of Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai between 15th and 21st June 2009. Port officials stated that more than 500 fishermen had gone missing since the storm made landfall. Dozens of the tigers are feared to have drowned in Aila's storm surge along with deer and crocodiles. Over the next couple of days the disturbance developed gradually with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early on June 23 as the disturbance had continued to organize and consolidated over the past few hours. [4], Officials in India evacuated thousands of residents from coastal areas ahead of Cyclone Aila. The storm tracked towards the west-northwest due to a mid-level ridge over India. The tropical cyclone scale for this basin is detailed on the right. ACT; Posted ... 26 May 2009. "Rains, however, will … Tourists were advised to stay in their hotels due to the short amount of time to prepare for the storm. Cyclone Aila devastates Sundarbans . “Remember that Aila had struck at high tide. [23][24] Later that day the IMD reported that the depression had intensified further and had become a Deep Depression, whilst the JTWC designated the depression as a Cyclone 03B, with winds equivalent to a tropical storm. [15] In northern areas of the state, heavy rains triggered numerous landslides in Darjeeling that killed 22 people and left 6 others missing. Even at the peak of its rampage through West Bengal, Aila’s wind speeds rose up to 120 km/hour, well short of the ferocity unleashed by the Wednesday’s cyclone. High winds uprooted numerous trees, blocking roads throughout the region. [29], More than 400,000 people were reportedly isolated by severe flooding in coastal regions of Bangladesh. So the noise, the only noise, that I could hear from the school that I take shelter in during cyclones was that of the river splitting open the embankments,” reminisced Biswas. [37] Roughly 100 relief camps were established in West Bengal shortly after the storm passed. Impact Evaluation of the Post Aila Recovery Project in Sundarbans, West Bengal, India: Executive Summary. Nearly 20 days after Cyclone Amphan made a landfall in south West Bengal, a remote village in Sundarbans, Uttar Chandanpiri, remained a tell-tale of the cyclone’s fury.While mud houses were flattened out, brick houses and embankments made after 2009 Cyclone Aila stood the ground. [28] Berhampur received 210 mm of rainfall on 6 September. Late on May 21, 2009, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported that a Tropical Disturbance had persisted about 950 kilometres (590 mi) to the south of Kolkata, in India and had developed within the Southwest Monsoon. A maximum wind gust of 112 km/h was recorded in Kalaikunda in West Bengal. [14], The remnants of this storm caused heavy to very heavy downpours in coastal Pakistan.[19]. Despite warnings to remain at port, numerous fishing vessels sailed into the storm. Binika in Orissa received 220 mm rainfall on 21 July. The storm was responsible for at least 339 deaths across Bangladesh and India; more than 1 million people were left homeless. Cyclone Amphan, the strongest to hit the region in nearly two decades, made landfall on Wednesday evening.It has battered several parts of the state, washing away … So far the storm is being blamed for 275 deaths in India and Bangladesh, but more are expected. [7] Dozens of people are reportedly missing throughout the country. 26 May 2009 Geneva, 26 May 2009 - Cyclone Aila hit parts of coastal Bangladesh and eastern India on Monday 26 May, triggering tidal surges and flooding that have left millions of … The Food and Disaster Management Ministry said Cyclone Aila had killed 113 people in Bangladesh, and a government official in West Bengal state … 006", "RSMC New Delhi Advisory of Depression Bijli on April 17, 2009 at 1400 UTC", "Final JTWC Advisory of Tropical Cyclone 01B on April 17, 2009 at 2100 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-05-21 18z", "Lightning claims eight lives in Gujarat", "Nine killed by lightning strikes across state", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 0900 UTC", "Shipping Bulletin for Met area VIII 2009-09-03 1000 UTC", "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 2009-09-04 12z", "Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert 2009-09-05 00z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 03z", "Special Tropical Weather Outlook 2009-09-05 06z", "Tropical Cyclone Warning 2009-09-05 09z", http://metnet.imd.gov.in/mausamdocs/26313.pdf, "Depression over southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Cyclonic storm WARD over the southwest and adjoining southeast Bay of Bengal", "Deep depression crossed Sri Lanka coast near Trincomalee", 2000–2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_North_Indian_Ocean_cyclone_season&oldid=997779797, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 05:24. [1] Environmental analysis indicated that the system was in an area of favorable conditions to develop with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. [9] All four ports in Orissa were placed on high alert due to rough seas produced by the storm. On April 13, an area of shower and thunderstorms became slightly organized over the central Bay of Bengal. [5] In addition, several warning alerts were issued before the cyclone hit Kolkata; however, no alarm bells were rung. Cyclone victims wait across a damaged bridge at Akshaynagar in the Sundarbans delta, about 100 km (62 miles) south from the eastern Indian city of Kolkata, May 26, 2009. [12] Early on April 17, RSMC New Delhi reported that Bijli had weakened to a deep depression as it moved northwest. [14] At least 100 river embankments were breached by storm surge produced by the cyclone. 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